Houston no 11 surgical blade

Proper care and maintenance is a must for surgical tools like safety scalpels in Houston. They need to be sterilized and disinfected before and after use. When it comes to instruments like scalpel, forceps, retractors etc. it is understandable that they will be used on vital body organs so you must ensure that they are completely germ free and disinfected before you end up using them. If the surgical instruments are cleaned and disinfected properly there is little to no chance of infections.

scalpel sizes and uses

Correct Use of dermaplaning blades in Houston

Proper maintenance of these instruments are required in Houston, and it also increases the life span of the instruments. This results in reducing extra costs like repairs and replacements. Also you need to make sure that the instruments which are disposable are being disposed in a proper way as per the health regulations of Houston. You do not want them to get used by someone else. So ensure that all needles and other disposable surgical instruments are gathered and properly disposed off, since failure to do so will allow microorganisms to spread to and cause further diseases. These are some of the factors which everyone who uses operating room instruments must keep in mind; they will help in ensuring the safety of the patient as well as the other people in the Houston area. Hospitals have proper procedures for disposing off such medical devices as well.

Most Common Operating Room Instruments

scalpel handle types A 40 watt CO2 laser scalpel with applications in ENT, gynecology, dermatology, oral surgery, and podiatry

A laser scalpel is a scalpel for surgery, cutting or ablating living biological tissue by the energy of laser light. The laser scalpel was invented in 1964. In soft tissue laser surgery, a laser beam ablates or vaporizes the soft tissue with high water content. Diode, Nd: and Er:YAG, and CO2 lasers are used most commonly in soft tissue surgery.

CO2 lasers are best for cutting soft tissue because their wavelength is most absorbed by water. The focused CO2 laser beam vaporizes tissue precisely, with little thermal damage to surrounding tissues (thermal coagulation zone is as little as 50 microns). The surgical outcome is thus safe and predictable. The CO2 laser is used in virtually all soft tissue procedures, including face lifts, tumor excision, and surgeries in the oral cavity. CO2 laser surgery is praised for minimized bleeding, less swelling and discomfort, reduced infection risk, and less procedure time, as compared to traditional scalpel surgery. Applications include oral surgery, periodontal surgery, oncological surgery, among many others.

In ophthalmology, excimer lasers are used for changing the shape of the cornea, procedures known as LASIK and LASEK.

Other surgical fields where the use of a laser scalpel is common are circumcision, neurosurgery and vascular surgery.

For research use in cell biology, special laser micro-scalpels can make cuts smaller than a single cell.

Laser lancets, e.g. Lasette or LaserDoc, are used as a less painful alternative for drawing small amounts (up to 100 µl) of capillary blood, e.g. for diabetic glucose tests. An adjustable-power flashlamp or diode pumped pulsed Er:YAG laser is typically used. A 150 mJ pulse (focused to 6 J/mm2) can vaporize a 0.025 mm2 of skin to 0.5 mm depth.

Today diode lasers, Nd:YAG and Er:YAG (and their variants, differing by pumping methods and host crystal type, e.g. Er,Cr:YSGG laser), and CO2 lasers are most commonly used, but possible benefits of using the vastly more expensive free electron lasers are being researched.

Electrosurgery instead of a Scalpel Cut

Hospitals can be scary sometimes but we can’t deny the fact that millions of lives are saved in these institutions every day. Being a doctor is definitely not an easy affair. Not only do these professionals have to become masters in understanding human biology but they also have to perfect their skills and capabilities of using various medical instruments. Can you think of a painter without the required paint brushes? Or a carpenter without his tools? Similarly, a doctor without his medical devices would be just like an audience on a show where, ideally, he should be performing on stage. No operation or diagnosis or procedure or even test can be carried out without necessary tools and equipment. It is important to know what these tools are and what their utilities are.

So if you are interested in medical tools and procedures and would like to understand how these are carried out, here is a list of the most basic medical instruments that you can find on an operating room. Hope this article helps you in your search for information.

# Scissors

The use of scissors as operating room instruments need not be highlighted or stated. No operation can be done without scissors. Scissors used in surgery come in two main types: Metzenbaum and Mayo scissors. Metzenbaum scissors are used in case of cutting or dissecting soft delicate tissues. Mayo scissors are preferred for cutting hard tissues such as joints. These scissors are used to cut thick tissues located in the breast and the muscles. Made up of stainless steel, these scissors are usually manufactured in variable lengths.

# Scalpel

Whether it is a major or a minor operation, a scalpel plays a very vital role in all of them. It is a knife that comes with stainless steel blades. Each and every surgery has its different needs but during every surgery, a correct incision is a must which cannot be carried out without a scalpel.

# Forceps

Forceps look like kitchen tongs. It allows the surgeon to hold and grasp the skin tissues firmly. Whether it is clamping the arteries or holding a part of intestine while operating, forceps can be relied upon. Also, this surgical instrument comes in a range of sizes so that the surgeon can choose one depending upon the need of the situation. The large ones are designed to hold a baby’s head and their main purpose is to safely get the baby out from the birth canal during a cesarean.

Of course there are other tools as well which will vary from surgery to surgery. They are manufactured with a wide variety of materials like platinum, stainless steel, tungsten carbide, chromium and other non-reactive and high strength metals. Designs and applications of medical devices have also evolved much over time. The more we advance into health care and medical science, the more new tools and equipment we will create for aiding surgeons in performing life saving procedures.


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